Memphis (Tennessee)

Here is general information about Memphis in Tennessee

Memphis statistic

Coordinates 35°07′03″N 89°58′16″W
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Shelby
Founded May 22, 1819 (1819-05-22)
Incorporated December 19, 1826 (1826-12-19)
Named for Memphis, Egypt
Elevation 337 ft (103 m)
Demonym(s) Memphian
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
ZIP Codes ZIP Codes 37501, 37544, 38002, 38016, 38018, 38028, 38088, 38101, 38103–38109, 38111–38120, 38122, 38124–38128, 38130–38139, 38141, 38145, 38147–38148, 38150–38152, 38157, 38159, 38161, 38163, 38166–38168, 38173–38175, 38177, 38181–38182, 38184, 38186–38188, 38190, 38193–38194, 38197
Area code 901
FIPS code 47-48000
Waterways Mississippi River, Wolf River
Public transit MATA
Airport Memphis International Airport
Website City of Memphis
Government (Mayor) Jim Strickland (D)
Government (City) 304.62 sq mi (788.97 km2)
Government (Land) 296.98 sq mi (769.18 km2)
Government (Water) 7.64 sq mi (19.79 km2)
Area (City) 304.62 sq mi (788.97 km2)
Area (Land) 296.98 sq mi (769.18 km2)
Area (Water) 7.64 sq mi (19.79 km2)
Population (2020) (City) 633,104
Population (2020) (Rank) 28th in the United States 2nd in Tennessee
Population (2020) (Density) 2,100/sq mi (800/km2)
Population (2020) (Metro) 1,337,779 (43rd)

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Memphis is a city in the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is the seat of Shelby County in the southwest part of the state and is situated along the Mississippi River. With a population of 633,104 at the 2020 U.S. census, Memphis is the second-most populous city in Tennessee, after Nashville. It is the fifth-most populous city in the Southeast, the nation's 28th-largest overall, and the largest city bordering the Mississippi River. The Memphis metropolitan area includes West Tennessee and the greater Mid-South region, which includes portions of neighboring Arkansas, Mississippi, and the Missouri Bootheel. One of the more historic and culturally significant cities of the southern U.S., Memphis has a wide variety of landscapes and distinct neighborhoods. The first European explorer to visit the area of present-day Memphis was Spanish conquistadorHernando de Soto in 1541. The high Chickasaw Bluffs protecting the location from the waters of the Mississippi was contested by Spanish, French, and English colonizers as Memphis developed. By 1819, when modern Memphis was founded, it was part of United States territory. John Overton, James Winchester, and Andrew Jackson founded the city. Based on the wealth of cotton plantations and river traffic along the Mississippi, Memphis grew into one of the largest cities of the Antebellum South. After the American Civil War and the end of slavery, the city continued to grow into the 20th century. It became among the largest world markets for cotton and lumber.